Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Ariommatidae
Etymology: Ariomma: Greek, ari = very, strength, superiority + Greek, omma = eyes (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ginsburg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 180 - 600 m (Ref. 7347), usually 180 - 550 m (Ref. 7251). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 42°N - 8°N
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Angola; possibly straying to southern Africa (Ref. 4412). Western Atlantic: New York and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Panama (Ref. 7251), [extending to the northern coast of South America according to Ref. 13628], up to Uruguay (Ref. 47377). Not occurring in the West Indies (Ref. 7251).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 25.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377)
Inhabits deep waters, usually on soft bottoms (Ref. 2683). Feeds mainly on small crustaceans (Ref. 3547). Larvae and young are epipelagic, adults demersal or benthopelagic (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, gonochorous, with pelagic eggs (Ref. 101194).
Haedrich, R.L., 1990. Ariommidae. p. 1019-1020. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7347)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.5 - 19.6, mean 13.3 °C (based on 211 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00591 - 0.03375), b=2.95 (2.74 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .