Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Clinidae
Etymology: Heterostichus: Greek, heteros = other + Greek, stix, -ichos = row (Ref. 45335). More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 2850). Subtropical; 42°N - 14°N, 125°W - 92°W
Eastern Pacific: California, USA to southern Baja California, Mexico including Guadalupe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 56049)
Occurs in intertidal and to 40 m (Ref. 96339). Found among rocks with large seaweeds, often in kelp. Young occur in schools while adults are solitary. Feeds on small crustaceans, mollusks and small fishes. Female attaches eggs to seaweeds, male guards them.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.6 - 24.6, mean 19.2 (based on 24 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00238 - 0.01156), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.62 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 4.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1.25; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .