Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
() > Labridae
Etymology: Decodon: Greek, deka = ten + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 18 - 275 m (Ref. 7251). Tropical; 35°N - 23°S, 98°W - 33°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA through Antilles to Suriname.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Body reddish, darker above, pale below. Lips yellow. Yellow stripes from nostrils through eye to edge of opercle and from eye across cheek. Dorsal and anal fins unscaled. Adults with protruding front teeth, 4 in upper jaw, 2 in lower (Ref 52831).
Mainly found over rocky bottoms of insular areas (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.7 - 27.4, mean 24.2 °C (based on 109 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00458 - 0.01993), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .