Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Cynoscion: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ayres.
The species Otolithes magdalenae Steindachner, 1876 is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Sep. 2011: Ref. 88002) according to Chao (2002: Ref. not in FB).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 34°N - 21°N, 118°W - 108°W (Ref. 56998)
Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Mazatlan, Mexico and the Gulf of California. Rare north of Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 69.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9118); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
Inhabits shallow inshore sandy areas (Ref. 9118). Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 9118).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chao, L.N., 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 24.4, mean 21.6 °C (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00433 - 0.01753), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66.1 [31.5, 128.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.1 [0.6, 1.9] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [17.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.395 [0.233, 0.625] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.1 [19.1, 76.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18.8 [6.3, 63.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.562 [0.376, 0.904] mg/100g (wet weight);