Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Phaeoptyx: Greek, phaios = dark + Gree, ptyx, -ikos = fold (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 13 - 50 m (Ref. 9626). Tropical; 32°N - 23°S
Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bermuda southward through northeastern Gulf of Mexico and Bahamas to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea (Ref. 7321), Ascension I. (Ref. 98447)..
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
Found on coral, gravel, or shell bottoms (Ref. 9626). Found near open basket stars at night (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240, 58878). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 28, mean 27.1 °C (based on 164 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00699 - 0.01886), b=3.18 (3.04 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 166 [96, 389] mg/100g ; Iron = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.3, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.187 [0.116, 0.309] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.7 [14.2, 51.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 101 [36, 277] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.83 [1.27, 2.62] mg/100g (wet weight);