Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiadinae
Etymology: Acanthistius: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, istion = sail (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - ? m. Subtropical; 22°S - 53°S, 67°W - 40°W (Ref. 54258)
Southwest Atlantic: Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 29.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7392)
Found on the continental shelf in colder waters. Utilized to some degree for human consumption.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pereiro, S. and A. Vásquez, 1988. Peces marinos III. p. 65-94. In G.B. Cabal, B. Marcheti (eds.) Fauna Argentina: Peces. Centro Editor de América Latina S.A., Junin, Buenos Aires, Brazil, 102 p. (Ref. 7392)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 16.9, mean 8.1 °C (based on 170 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00398 - 0.02292), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.71 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 79.1 [40.3, 151.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.59, 1.97] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.1 [13.6, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.704 [0.335, 1.457] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.8 [12.6, 65.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.6 [8.7, 110.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.07 [0.67, 1.78] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.