Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335); diapterus: From the Greek di and apteros meaning 'two' and 'fin' (Ref. 27436). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 146 - 844 m (Ref. 80505), usually 300 - 600 m (Ref. 80505). Deep-water
North Pacific: Southern California west of the Channel Islands north along the North American coast to the Pacific side of Vancouver Island; apparently not present in the Strait of Georgia or Puget Sound, and has been reported as far south as San Diego.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 99 - 109;
Vertebrae: 118 - 126. This species is distinguished by the following: with scales covering the nape and the entire postorbital dorsal surface of the head (in adults 15.0 cm SL and larger): it differs from L. beringi in having higher counts of dorsal-fin ray (usually 111 or more), anal-fin ray (usually 100 or more), vertebral (usually 119 or more), and gill raker (usually 15 or more); differs from L. hubbsi in having 19-21 pectoral-fin rays (vs. 20-23), position of the first dorsal-fin
pterygiophore at the sixth or seventh interneural gap (vs. third), and color pattern, for it lacks narrow light bands extending onto dorsal fin and across nape; differs from the 'L. nakamurae group’’ (nakamurae, pectoralis, nishimurai) in having 4 postorbital pores (vs. 1 or 2), the posteriormost without a short tube; lower pectoral-fin lobe rounded, the tips of the rays rounded and the middle rays often branched, fin membrane not incised (vs. pointed, with rays pointed and unbranched, membrane moderately incised); scales often present on base of pectoral fin; light inverted V-shaped bands usually present on body (Ref. 80505).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 2850). May be used as bait (Ref. 27436). Flesh considered firm and tasty but not esteemed (Ref. 27436).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.8 - 5.4, mean 3.2 (based on 128 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00055 - 0.00302), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .