Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Antennariidae
(Frogfishes) > Antennariinae
Etymology: Antennarius: From Latin, antenna, antemna = sensory organ (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 66 m (Ref. 9710). Subtropical; 19°N - 1°S, 89°W - 48°W (Ref. 55171)
Western Atlantic: Bermuda to the Bahamas, throughout the Caribbean, and along the coast of Central America to Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil as far south as Salvador. Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabit shallow reefs (Ref. 9710). Commonly found in areas with sponges; background hue of the fish conforms to that of the dominant sponge in the areas and the ocelli look like openings in the sponge. Feed mainly on fishes, but also eat crustaceans (Ref. 13442). A voracious predator, with many color phases used for camouflage. Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773). Most common frogfish in the West Indies (Ref. 26938).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.1 - 28.3, mean 27.8 °C (based on 78 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.8 [19.3, 85.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.814 [0.442, 1.634] mg/100g ; Protein = 20 [18, 23] % ; Omega3 = 0.238 [0.087, 0.573] g/100g ; Selenium = 10.8 [4.2, 26.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 194 [49, 781] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.762 [0.429, 1.359] mg/100g (wet weight);