Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Batrachoidiformes
(Toadfishes) > Batrachoididae
(Toadfishes) > Porichthyinae
Etymology: Porichthys: Greek, poros = porous + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); myriaster: Porichthys pore fish, referring to the well-developed mucous system, myriaster numerous starss, for the abundant photophores (Ref. 4930). More on authors: Hubbs & Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 126 m (Ref. 9277). Subtropical; 35°N - 7°S, 123°W - 83°W
Eastern Pacific: Arguellow, California, USA to Almejas Bay, Baja California, Mexico. Also reported from northern Peru (Ref. 96339).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Inhabits rocky areas and soft bottom, common in bays. Ranges from the intertidal zone to 126 m depth (Ref. 9277). Usually rests on or buries itself in bottom. Can create a humming or grunting sound. More active during night time.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Female attaches eggs to underside of rock. Male guards eggs and young.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15 - 22.9, mean 20.6 (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00296 - 0.00931), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.57 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100) .