Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Semotilus: Greek, sema = banner (dorsal fin) + Greek, tilos = spotted; used by Rafinesque (Ref. 45335). More on author: Mitchill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 52°N - 36°N
North America: Hudson Bay, Lake Ontario, and Atlantic Slope drainages from Quebec and Ontario, Canada to James River drainage, Virginia, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 51.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 17.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 72462)
<>Semotilus corporalis can be distinguished by the possession of the following characters: large eye; large lateral scales (43-50); moderately compressed body; fairly long, rounded snout slightly overhanging large mouth; dorsal fin origin over or slightly behind pelvic-fin origin; 8 dorsal rays; 8 anal rays; adults have scales on backs and upper side darkly outlined; and young has black stripe along side, dark caudal spot. Olive to gold-brown above, dark stripe along back; bright silver side, sometimes with purple or blue sheen; black bar along back of gill cover. Breeding males have fairly large tubercles on head (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits gravel- and rubble-bottomed pools and runs of small to medium rivers, and also lake margins (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00468 - 0.01779), b=3.12 (2.96 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.55 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=12,021).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .