Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..
More on authors: Ng & Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - ? m (Ref. 13093). Tropical
Asia: known only from Pulau Bintan and Pulau Singkep, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13093)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 27. Distinguished from Betta chloropharynx in the following characters: median black throat spot (vs. two rounded black marks); spotted opercle (vs. non-spotted); opercle with black lower margin (vs. yellow margin). Differs from Betta hipposideros in the following characters: median black throat (vs. horse-shoe shape mark); spotted opercle (vs. non-spotted); opercle with black lower margin (vs. yellow or brown); more postdorsal scales (mode 10 vs. 9 1/2). Can be differentiated from Betta renata in the following characters: black median spot (vs. kidney-shaped mark); absence of dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); fewer subdorsal scales ( mode 5 1/2 vs. 6 1/2); fewer postdorsal scales (mode 10 vs. 12); more anal fin rays (mode 30 vs. 29); and more lateral scales (mode 32 vs. 31) (Ref. 56386).
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Inhabits swamps as well as adjacent streams, usually in relatively shallow water about a meter or so in depth with dense vegetation growing along the banks and under shade.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ng, P.K.L. and M. Kottelat, 1994. Revision of the Betta waseri species group (Teleostei: Belontiidae). Raffles Bull. Zool. 42(3):593-611. (Ref. 13093)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00364 - 0.02626), b=2.97 (2.74 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).