Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Chauliodontinae
Etymology: Chauliodus: Greek, chaulios, chaulos, chaunos = to be with the mouth opened + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); macouni: Named after Prof. J.C. Macoun, Geological Survey of Canada, a resolute pioneer of western Canada (Ref. 6885). More on author: Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 25 - 4390 m (Ref. 5610). Deep-water; 66°N - 23°N, 127°E - 106°W
Northwest Pacific: Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea to Japan. Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to central Baja California (Ref. 35898) and the Gulf of California.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 80637); max. published weight: 23.35 g (Ref. 4525); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 28499)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 14;
Vertebrae: 56 - 62. First dorsal fin ray much produced in a long filament terminating in a minute flap; adipose fin large, placed well back over posterior part of anal, higher posteriorly; pelvic fins long and narrow (Ref. 6885). No true gill rakers (Ref. 6885). Dark brown to black in color (Ref. 6885). Branchiostegal rays: 16-21 (Ref. 35898).
Migrate upward at night (Ref. 28499). Feed on small planktonic crustaceans, arrow worms and fish (Ref. 28499). Has photophores on belly arranged in a row (Ref. 2850). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35898). Also caught with bottom trawls.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.2 - 3.8, mean 2.4 °C (based on 409 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00204 (0.00119 - 0.00351), b=3.16 (3.00 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.35; tmax=8).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .