Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Betta: Malay/Javanese origin. Bleeker (1850, 1858) indicates Ikan Wadder Bettah as the local name of Betta trifasciata Bleeker, 1849 (now Betta picta, Valenciennes, 1846) in the Ambarawa Javanese dialect. Ikan Wader is a common Javanese name for smaller freshwater fishes, especially cyprinids (already used in Old Javanese). See Blust, R. & Trussel, S. Austronesian Comparative Dictionary. Web Edition (https://www.trussel2.com/acd/)..
More on authors: Kottelat & Ng.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Banka, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12803)
(total): 0 - 1;
soft rays: 27 - 28. Differs from Betta hipposideros in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. horseshoe-shaped black mark); absence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); fewer subdorsal scales (mode 5-6 vs. 6 1/2). Distinguished from Betta renata in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. kidney-shaped); absence of both dorsal and caudal transverse bars (vs. presence); non-spotted opercle (vs. spotted opercle); opercle with yellow lower margin (vs. black margin); fewer subdorsal scales (mode 5-6 vs. 6 1/2). Can be differentiated from Betta spilotogena in the following characters: µ-shaped black throat mark (vs. black median spot); non-spotted opercles (vs. spotted opercle; and an opercle with yellow lower margin (vs. back margin) (Ref. 56386).
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Occurs in a secondary forest area in a pool among leaf litter.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and P.K.L. Ng, 1994. Diagnoses of five new species of fighting fishes from Banka and Borneo (Teleostei: Belontiidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 5(1):65-78. (Ref. 12803)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00364 - 0.02626), b=2.97 (2.74 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).