Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Archocentrus: Greek, archo = anus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 26°C - 36°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Pacific slope, in tributaries of Fonseca Gulf in Honduras and Nicaragua; Atlantic slope in Río Chirripó (Río Matina) of Costa Rica to the Río San Juan and associated drainages of Nicaragua, including the Great Lakes.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7335)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 17;
soft rays: 7 - 9. This species is distinguished by the following characters: 16- 19 total gill rakers on first arch, with rakers elongate and slender; 2 spots on opercle, vertically aligned; posterior end of maxilla not concave; circumpeduncular scales modally 18 or fewer; rows of secondary pored scales present on caudal fin; bars on side of body extending partially onto dorsal and anal fins, no medial intensification in bars on side of body, ocellus present on dorsal fin of mature females; in life abdomen predominantly yellow-green; caudal blotch ocellated (Ref. 74403).
Inhabits mainly shallow waters or swampy areas of lakes and rivers. Often found in many eutrophic oxbow lakes, ponds, roadside ditches and remnant pools of floodplains with thick vegetation. Prefers warm temperature and thrives in stagnant waters. An open water substrate spawner which lays eggs in extreme shallows. Fry feed on parents' dermal mucus for first few days (Ref. 7335). Feeds on detritus and insects (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Conkel, D., 1993. Cichlids of North and Central America. T.F.H. Publications, Inc., USA. (Ref. 7335)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.00944 - 0.04623), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming Fec<1000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .