Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335); macrophthalmum: Origin of name not given, but presumably from ‘macro’ for large and the Greek noun ‘opthalmos’, meaning eye; originally spelled as ‘macrophthalmus’, and the spelling is retained because the second half of the specific name is a noun; thus treated as noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 35 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa (including Sodwana Bay, South Africa) east to Fiji, north to Japan. Recently recorded from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2798)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Very similar to T. okinawae but lacks predorsal scales (Ref. 37816). Body with ctenoid scales except ventral midline and pectoral base with cycloid scales. Transverse scales 7-8. Mouth slightly oblique upwards. Second spine longest in 1st dorsal; rays of 2nd dorsal nearly equal; anal fin similar to 2nd dorsal; pectoral reaches to vertical of anus; pelvic fins without frenum but connected to basal membrane (Ref. 43541); characterized further by body with greyish matrix with dense red to orange spotting on head and body; median fins with faint yellow spotting; pair of large red spots on base of pectoral fin; longitudinal scale series 26-27; cheek and opercle without scales; depth of body 3.9-4.2 in TL (Ref. 90102).
Bottom-dweller of seaward reefs (Ref. 37816). Usually in small groups in caves and under ledges (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hoese, D.F., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 774-807. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.1 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 420 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00475 - 0.02204), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 341 [149, 875] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.3 [0.7, 2.6] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.4, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.198 [0.087, 0.417] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.4 [8.3, 46.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 153 [38, 553] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.65 [1.51, 4.51] mg/100g (wet weight);