Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Scardinius: A range of lofty mountains, Scardus, forming the boundary between Moesia and Macedonia.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 39°N - 36°N, 21°E - 24°E
Europe: Lake Yliki in Greece. Previously found in Lake Paralimni, which is now drained.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the following combination of characters: 38-43 + 2-3 scales on lateral line; anal fin usually with 11½ branched rays; pectoral fin with 14-18 rays; 17-24 gill rakers; dorsal profile of head conspicuously concave, tip of snout about level of middle eye; articulation of lower jaw below or behind anterior margin of eye; eye close to dorsal head profile when viewed laterally; head length 24-35% SL; and body depth 20-30% SL (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in lakes and lowland water courses with little current. Feeds on plants (Ref. 26100). Deposits among vegetation adhesive, spherical and yellow eggs which hatch in 4 days at 25° C (Ref. 59043). Threatened due to water abstraction, pollution and habitat destruction (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Deposits among vegetation adhesive, spherical and yellow eggs which hatch in 4 days at 25 C (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00398 - 0.02092), b=3.06 (2.86 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .