Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Distichodontidae
Etymology: Nannocharax: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, charax = a marine fish without identification (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: 7 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)
Africa: widespread, known from Senegal to Cameroon, including the Lake Chad basin (Ref. 2936, 80507, 81638, 86396). Also in the Dja and Bumba rivers (middle Congo River basin) in Cameroon (Ref. 46233). Reported from Ntem and Kribi Rivers (Ref. 51193), but not confirmed in Ref. 81638. Holotype from Gabon (Ref. 93570), without further specifications.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2936)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 12. Diagnosis: body slightly elongate; head length 3.7-4.3x SL; 2.5-6 scales between anus and anal-fin base; 12-16 scales around caudal peduncle; 12-18 pectoral branched rays; 8-10 pelvic branched rays; series of separate spots along lateral line, not always distinct (frequently suffused by marbled color pattern on sides); scale formula 4-5.5/40-46 (Ref. 2936, 86396). 43-46 pored (except terminal 1-2) lateral line scales (Ref. 81638). Tip of pelvic fin extending distinctly beyond vent; dorsal portions of body with distinct dark, vertically oriented dark marks forming saddle-shaped pigmentation pattern; various dark marks on lateral surface of body without prominent, horizontally elongate dark spots on mid-lateral surface of body; dark pigmentation on body above horizontal through base of pectoral fin (Ref. 81638). 12-14 (Ref. 81638) or 11-14 (Ref. 2936, 86396) total dorsal fin branched rays. 10-12 (Ref. 81638) or 8-12 (Ref. 2936, 86396) total anal fin branched rays.
Maximum TL was recorded at 7.8 cm (Ref. 7094). Feeds on small invertebrates (Ref. 13614).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gosse, J.-P. and E.J. Coenen, 1990. Distichodontidae. p. 237-260. In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douces et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest. Tome I. Coll. Faune Tropicale n° XXVIII. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren and O.R.S.T.O.M., Paris, 384 p. (Ref. 2936)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .