Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Hymenocephalus: Named for its transparent membrane-like head covering (‘‘hymen head’’) and fragile nature of head bones (Ref. 100825).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 220 - 600 m (Ref. 98298). Temperate
Northwest Pacific: Sagami Bay, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: pelvic fin rays 10-11; pectoral fin rays 16-18; projecting snout with thin, pointed tip, 20-25% HL; short barbel, 4-5% HL, and not reaching vertical through anterior margin of orbit; orbit diameter moderate, 25-30% HL; interorbital width 70-.80% HW; infraorbital width 16-20% HL; very long preopercular supporter, straight, 10-11% HL; gill rakers 18-22; ventral striae reaching to about 1/3 distance from pelvic fin bases to periproct; otolith with moderately high predorsal lobe and with colliculi separated, closely placed across narrow collum, terminating far from anterior and posterior rims of otolith; otholith length to height (OL:OH), 1.05; total colliculum length to pseudocolliculum length (TCL:PCL), 2.1 (Ref. 98298).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., 2014. Head and otolith morphology of the genera Hymenocephalus, Hymenogadus and Spicomacrurus (Macrouridae), with the description of three new species. Zootaxa 3888(1):1-73. (Ref. 98298)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00209 (0.00104 - 0.00421), b=3.19 (3.02 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .