Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Bythitidae
(Viviparous brotulas) > Brosmophycinae
Etymology: Diancistrus: Greek, di = two + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 90102). Subtropical
Western Pacific: Japan (Ryukyu Is.), Taiwan to northern Philippines, southwards to about 10°N. Further south, across the equator, iti is replaced by Diancistrus alleni.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 58 - 69;
Vertebrae: 43 - 45. Diagnosis: This species is distinguished by the following: Vertebrae 11+32-34=43-45, dorsal fin rays 74-85 (usually >77), anal fin rays 58-69, D/V 6 (rarely 7); eyes moderately large (2.4-3.4% SL); outer pseudoclasper with hook-shaped extension oriented backward at 90° angle and slightly bent outwards, with a rounded tip; inner pseudoclasper short, joined to outer pseudoclasper anteriorly, with supporter, with small hook and wide thin flap at its base; scale patch on cheek with 5-6 scale rows on upper cheek, scales on operculum only above opercular spine, 3-7 scales in 2 rows; head profile slender, broad; otolith length to sulcus length about 2.0, sulcus not inclined (Ref. 57884).
Rare species, known from a single male specimen (Ref. 34024). Solitary inhabitant of coral reef crevices to at least 20 m depth, cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schwarzhans, W., P.R. Møller and J.G. Nielsen, 2005. Review of the Dinematichthyini (Teleostei, Bythitidae) of the Indo-West-Pacific. Part I. Diancistrus and two new genera with 26 new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museum and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 21:73-163. (Ref. 57884)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1717 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00179 - 0.01169), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming Fec < 100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .