Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Pinjalo: A Malay word, pinialo, for a fish. More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 100 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 31°N - 27°S, 32°E - 155°E (Ref. 55)
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Papua (Papua New Guinea), north to Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47613); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
Adults inhabit reefs and rocky bottoms (Ref. 30573). They are found in schools over shallow depths of a few meters in open ocean reefs. In most areas they are found in deep waters and are usually trawled to 100 m depth (Ref. 48635). They feed on benthic and planktonic invertebrates (Ref. 30573), and possibly small fishes. Marketed fresh or dried-salted.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and W.D. Anderson Jr., 1987. Revision of the Indo-Pacific lutjanid genus Pinjalo, with description of a new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (14):17 p. (Ref. 6177)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.6 - 28.6, mean 27.6 °C (based on 770 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00712 - 0.03073), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .