Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Chloroscombrus: Greek, chloros = green + Greek, skombros = the name of several fishes, a mackerel (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 33°N - 18°S, 122°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: San Pedro, southern California, USA to Peru, including the Gulf of California.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body oval and strongly compressed; snout short and blunt; chest covered with scales; lateral line conspicuously curved anteriorly, with 6 to 14 very weak scutes along the caudal peduncle; lower branch of first gill arch with 9 to 12 gill rakers; body and head blue green; flanks and belly silvery; edge of operculum with very characteristic black stain; dorsal region of caudal also stained black (Ref. 55763).
Adults form schools in coastal marine and brackish waters, including lagoons with mangroves (Ref. 9283). Often make a grunting sound when captured (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh, salted and fried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.5 - 28.4, mean 25.2 °C (based on 70 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00523 - 0.01262), b=2.93 (2.80 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm=1).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 165 [81, 343] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.31 [1.23, 4.05] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.6, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.701 [0.320, 1.517] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.9 [10.2, 66.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.8 [2.7, 37.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.55 [1.00, 2.38] mg/100g (wet weight);