Teleostei (teleosts) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Gonichthys: Greek, gonio = angle + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1450 m (Ref. 104125), usually 425 - 650 m (Ref. 4479). Deep-water; 50°N -
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Liberia and from Angola to South Africa including eastern Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: about 50°N, east of 40°W or south of the Slope Water Region west of 40°W to about Brazil (absent over the minimum region off Brazil and lower abundance in the South Sargasso Sea).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic, found between 425-1,000 m during the day with maximum abundance at 425-650 m (Ref. 4479). Nyctoepipelagic from the surface to 175 m (Ref. 4479).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 6.1 - 14.3, mean 10.8 °C (based on 202 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00304 - 0.01646), b=3.12 (2.92 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.31 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 144 [40, 408] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.649 [0.235, 2.056] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.4 [14.5, 18.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.358 [0.119, 1.014] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.4 [3.9, 43.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 95.4 [11.7, 780.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.975 [0.488, 2.126] mg/100g (wet weight);