Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Aulopidae
Etymology: Aulopus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 50 - 1000 m (Ref. 26999), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 4471). Subtropical; 46°N - 8°N, 98°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands south to Cape Verde and Senegal. Also recorded from the Mediterranean. Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean (Ref. 3814).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4471); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Found on continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 6687).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sulak, K.J., 1990. Aulopidae. p. 349-350. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4471)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.3 - 23.1, mean 15.5 °C (based on 154 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00293 - 0.01029), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.61 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).