Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Aulopidae
Etymology: Aulopus: Greek, aulos = flute + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 50 - 1000 m (Ref. 26999), usually 100 - 200 m (Ref. 4471). Subtropical; 46°N - 8°N, 98°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Canary Islands south to Cape Verde and Senegal. Also recorded from the Mediterranean. Western Central Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean (Ref. 3814).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4471); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26999)
Found on continental shelf and upper slope (Ref. 6687).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sulak, K.J., 1990. Aulopidae. p. 349-350. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4471)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.3 - 23.1, mean 15.5 (based on 154 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00230 - 0.01145), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.61 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .