Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Oneirodes: Greek, 'oneiros' = a dream or dreamlike or out of a dream (suggesting this fish is so strange and marvelous that can exist only in dreams) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1460 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.3 cm (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Characterized by having escal morphology: anterior escal appendage without internal pigment; terminal escal papilla with two distal spots of pigment; compressed posterior escal appendages; absence of lateral appendages; single pair of bifurcated anterolateral appendages; long and narrow subopercle, dorsal end tapering to a point, without indentation on posterodorsal margin; length of ventral fork of opercle 25.9-26.6% SL; ratio of lengths of the dorsal and ventral forks of opercle 0.44-0.50; absence of epibranchial teeth; presence of teeth on pharyngobranchial II; upper jaw teeth 40-55, lower jaw teeth 44-58; teeth on vomer 5-7; dorsal fin rays 5-6; anal fin rays 4; pectoral fin rays 15-16; head length 39.6-40.6% SL; head depth 38.8-40.6% SL; premaxilla length 29.5-35.9% SL; length of lower jaw 43.7-48.4% SL; length of illicium 48.3-57.8% SL (Ref. 86949).
Also mesopelagic (Ref. 10524).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.9 - 4.7, mean 4.3 (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .