Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Ophidiiformes
(Cusk eels) > Ophidiidae
(Cusk-eels) > Neobythitinae
Etymology: Epetriodus: Greek, ep, epi = over, high +Greek, tri = three + Greek, odous = teeth.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 1000 - 1750 m (Ref. 4103). Deep-water; 18°S - 35°S
Indo-West Pacific: off East Africa to New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34024)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 74 - 77. Body relatively short; eye diameter much shorter than snout, mouth ends well posterior to eye; many needle-like teeth; short, sharp opercular spine, preopercle unarmed; 2 median basibranchial tooth patches (Ref. 34024).
A benthic species found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154). Uncommon species (Ref. 34024). Reproductive strategy possibly similar to other members of this family featuring oviparity, with oval pelagic eggs floating in a gelatinous mass (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G., D.M. Cohen, D.F. Markle and C.R. Robins, 1999. Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(18):178p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 34024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.4 - 5.2, mean 4.3 (based on 94 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .