Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Lophodolos: Greek, 'lopho' or 'lophio' = mane, crest or tuft + Greek, 'dolos' = artifice, deceit or guile (describing a deceitful little fish that beguiles its prey with a baited illicium) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 650 - 1500 m (Ref. 86949), usually 650 - ? m (Ref. 12204). Deep-water
Tropical to temperate parts of all oceans.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.9 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 6. Describes female specimens (males not yet known) (Ref. 12204). Caudal fin rounded (Ref. 12204). Dark brown to black in color, parts of the esca unpigmented and silvery-white (Ref. 12204).
Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: length of illicium greater than 25% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; escal bulb width 4.4-6.7% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger; long escal appendages, length 10.2-20.9% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger, 8.7-22.2% SL in specimens less than 25mm; long sphenotic spine, length 4.1-9.2% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; long quadrate spine, length 2.9-6.5% SL in specimens 30mm and larger (Ref. 86949).
Reaches depths greater than 1,500 m and probably not uncommon below 650 m (Ref. 12204).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1986. Oneirodidae. p. 1383-1399. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen, and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 3. (Ref. 10523)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 7.2, mean 5.3 (based on 1110 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .