Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Atrobucca: Latin, atro = black + Latin, bucca = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 73 - 91 m (Ref. 7483). Subtropical
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique (Ref. 5213) and Natal, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7483)
Vertebrae: 25. Ventral limbs of swim bladder appendages bearing branches directed forward. Only 4 or 5 posterior appendages enveloping bladder. Females lack drumming muscles. Last pleural rib on 10th vertebrae. Mouth lining pigmented. Membrane between opercular spines paler posteriorly.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K. and P.J. Kailola, 1988. Three new Indo-Australian species of the sciaenid genus Atrobucca, with a reevaluation of generic limit. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 35(3):261-277. (Ref. 7483)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00425 - 0.01868), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .