Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 20 - 4009 m (Ref. 58496), usually 1000 - 1850 m (Ref. 4702). Deep-water; 80°N - 50°N, 81°W - 33°E
Arctic to Northeast Atlantic: Norwegian Sea and Greenland; also Faroe Trough, north of Faroe Islands, east of Iceland, south of Jan Mayen Island and west of Bear Islands (Ref. 4702).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4702)
Occurs in deep, cold water (Ref. 4702). Maximum depth reported at 4009 m (Ref. 58426). Epibenthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on pelagic amphipods, benthic gastropods, and mysids (Ref. 4702).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen, 1992. Fisk i grønlandske farvande. Atuakkiorfik, Nuuk. 65 s. (Ref. 9925)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.2 - 6.2, mean 3.7 °C (based on 430 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00219 - 0.00998), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .