Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Callanthiidae
Etymology: Callanthias: Greek, kalos, kallos = beautiful + Greek, anthias = a fish (Sparus aurata) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Ogilby.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 15 - 365 m (Ref. 9832). Subtropical
Western Pacific: off New Zealand and temperate waters off Australia; also known from one collection made northeast of Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia, and from one collection in the Chesterfield Island region of the Coral Sea; may reach Indonesian waters. Closely related to Callanthias japonicus from Japanese waters and from Callanthias platei from the southeast Pacific; all three taxa may be subspecies of a single wide-ranging species.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9832)
A schooling species which seeks the cover of caves and crevices at night and when disturbed. Often found on rocky reefs in coastal waters (Ref. 33616). Presumably feed on plankton.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, W.D. Jr., 1999. Callanthiidae. Groppos, goldies, splendid perches. p. 2553-2556. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.7 - 22.5, mean 15.9 °C (based on 164 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00375 - 0.02544), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 25.2 [14.0, 50.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.06 [0.63, 1.72] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.8 [18.8, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.202 [0.125, 0.338] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.4 [10.2, 35.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.3 [13.4, 117.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.822 [0.564, 1.239] mg/100g (wet weight);