Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Pseudomugilidae
Etymology: Pseudomugil: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, mugil, -is = grey mullet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Roberts.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic; non-migratory. Tropical; 2°S - 10°S
Southwest Pacific: known from several sites but probably extends from Toro Pass near the mouth of the Fly River (Papua New Guinea) to Vogelkop Peninsula, Irian Jaya, and from Woods Inlet in Darwin Harbor, Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9786)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in mangrove swamps and saline creeks (Ref. 9786, 44894). Occurs infringing coastal mangroves in brackish or marine waters. Aggregations shelter among submerged roots or inundated leaves and branches (Ref. 44894). This is a planktivorous species which adapts well to freshwater environment. May occur in large schools, frequently in muddy waters. Sympatric with P. cyanodorsalis over part of its range (Ref. 9786). Probably more widespread, but has escaped notice due to its small size and largely inaccessible habitat (Ref. 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ivantsoff, W., 1999. Order Atheriniformes. Pseudomugilidae. Blue eyes. p. 2109-2112. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9786)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.9 - 29.1, mean 28.7 (based on 249 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .