Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335); macrops: Named for Godfrey Merlen, a Galápagos naturalist (Ref. 13749)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; bathydemersal; depth range 550 - 1300 m (Ref. 31632), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Tanzania to Viet Nam (Ref. 31632), Indonesia (Ref. 26165) and western Australia. Western Atlantic: Florida, USA (Ref. 31632) to Suriname and French Guiana (Ref. 13608).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26165)
No opercular spines. 8 spines on first dorsal fin. Pyloric caeca 7-8 (light organ present in one of the caeca). Premaxillary teeth elongated, thin, remain visible when mouth closed (Ref. 31632).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Found on the continental slope (Ref. 7300).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.9 - 9.6, mean 6.3 °C (based on 555 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00589 (0.00244 - 0.01420), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .