Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish. More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 60 m (Ref. 55763). Tropical; 33°N - 5°S, 117°W - 77°W (Ref. 55)
Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Ecuador.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 15.0 kg (Ref. 40637)
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Preopercular notch and knob moderate. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Dark gray-green on back, lighter on belly. Scales with yellowish white centers, forming alternating dark and light stripes on the sides. Individuals from deeper waters are mainly reddish.
This is an inshore, reef-dwelling species found over hard bottoms until at least 50 m depth (Ref. 9313). Adults may form schools consisting of several hundreds of individuals (Ref. 9313). Juveniles are encountered in shallow waters, including littoral pools and estuaries (Ref. 9313). Carnivorous, feed on fish and invertebrates (Ref. 9313). Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.6 - 28.7, mean 25.9 °C (based on 76 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00693 - 0.03016), b=2.98 (2.82 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.65 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.4 [11.0, 26.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.245 [0.166, 0.387] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.5, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.100, 0.176] g/100g ; Selenium = 84.6 [59.3, 116.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 141 [28, 382] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.411 [0.311, 0.656] mg/100g (wet weight);