Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Microlepidotus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek,lepis = scale (Ref. 45335). More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical; 32°N - 7°N
Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California to Panama.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9114)
Body elongate, compressed, and not very deep (depth contained 2.6 to 3.0 times in standard length); mouth small and terminal , its posterior end located at the same level as the anterior rim of the eye; first gill arch with 16 gill rakers; dorsal slightly stronger than third but almost equal in length; scale series above lateral line oblique; body blue gray; each scale bearing a pearly gray spot, the spots appearing to form lines following the scale series; fins yellowish (Ref. 55763).
Forms schools in coastal waters (Ref. 9114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
McKay, R.J. and M. Schneider, 1995. Haemulidae. Burros, corocoros, chulas, gallinazos, roncos. p. 1136-1173. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9114)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00814 - 0.03709), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 111 [58, 218] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.678 [0.352, 1.252] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.206 [0.092, 0.405] g/100g ; Selenium = 49.3 [24.2, 107.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.5 [8.9, 70.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.06 [0.60, 1.66] mg/100g (wet weight);