Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 30 m (Ref. 3490). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: northwest coast of India. Reported from Pakistan (Ref. 2872).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 18.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3490); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3490)
Found in shallow muddy coastal waters. Marketed fresh and dried salted.
Lal Mohan, R.S., 1984. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3490)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00318 - 0.03006), b=3.03 (2.78 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5-0.9; Fec=71,654).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .