Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Balistidae
Etymology: Odonus: Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, onos = hake.
More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - 40 m (Ref. 9770). Tropical; 32°N - 24°S, 30°E - 137°W
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea, East Africa eastward through northern Australia to Line, Marquesas and Society Islands, north to southern Japan
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4420); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3109)
Inhabits reef channels or along slopes that are subject to strong currents (Ref. 48637). Occur in current-swept seaward coral reefs. Usually form aggregations and feed on zooplankton as well as sponges (Ref. 9770). Juveniles associated with isolated patches of rubble or crevices with proper-sized shelter holes (Ref. 1602). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Form large schools to feed on zooplankton (Ref. 48637). Also taken by drive-in nets (Ref. 9770). Marketed fresh or dried-salted. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874. Popular aquarium fish (Ref. 37816).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Only females tend the eggs but both parents keep guard (Ref. 116451).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 29.1, mean 27.9 °C (based on 918 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03236 (0.01900 - 0.05512), b=2.96 (2.81 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.32 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.2 [15.3, 80.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.535 [0.332, 1.054] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.6, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.115 [0.058, 0.232] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.7 [19.3, 75.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 42.9 [13.1, 138.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.02 [0.67, 1.57] mg/100g (wet weight);