Astyanax taeniatus  (Jenyns, 1842)

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Astyanax taeniatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Astyanax: The name of Astyanax, Hector´s son in the Greek mithology (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Macaé, São João, and Paraíba do Sul river basins in Rio de Janeiro State, and Benevente river basin in Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Specimens from Espírito Santo State are tentatively identified as A. taeniatus. Additional specimens are needed to further assess if the population from Epírito Santo State represents a distinct species.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119398)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 21; Vertebrae: 37. Astyanax taeniatus is distinguished from all other species of the Astyanax by the presence of a gap between the symphyseal dentary teeth, with the exception of A. henseli. It differs from A. henseli by having only one humeral spot (vs. two), 19-23 anal-fin rays (vs. 22-27), orbital diameter 38.5-46, mean ¼ 42.2 (vs. 42.4-50.7, mean ¼ 46.7), and 12-13 gill rakers on hypobranchial (vs. 14-15). In addition, Astyanax taeniatus differs from A. henseli and most Astyanax species, except A. ribeirae, A. hastatus, A. giton, and A. bahiensis, by having a humeral spot shaped like a comma. It can be diagnosed from A. ribeirae and A. hastatus by having 38-41 scales on lateral line (vs. 34-36) and from A. giton and A. bahiensis by the format of third infraorbital (with a naked area in relation to preopercle vs. reaching preopercle, without naked area). It can be further diagnosed from morphologically similar species of the genus Astyanax that occur in Atlantic coastal river basins by having 38-41 perforated scales in the lateral line (vs. 34-38 in most of species), except A. aff. fasciatus, A. parahybae, and A. pelecus. It differs from A. aff. fasciatus, A. parahybae and A. scabripinnis by the dentary teeth decreasing abruptly after the fifth or sixth tooth (vs. dentary teeth decreasing abruptly after the fourth tooth). It can be differentiated from A. pelecus by humeral spot surpassing lateral line (vs. humeral spot restrict to the region above lateral line) (Ref. 119398). Teeth in the lower jaw 14 or more. The ventrals are exactly aligned with the origin of the dorsal fin.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs both in lotic and lentic water bodies associated with rocks and sand in the bottom. Stomach contents of 15 specimens ranging from 2.31 to 6.58 cm SL consisted predominantly of vegetal origin items (aquatic plants, filamentous algae) and in low proportion of aquatic insects (Chironomidae larvae and pupae, and Ephemeroptera). Individuals between 2.307 and 3.918 cm SL fed more on aquatic insects than algae; specimens ranging from 4.019 to 6.582 cm SL consumed more algae than aquatic insects; and the larger specimens measuring 5.37-6.582 cm SL fed exclusively on aquatic plants (Ref. 119398).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. …, 2003. Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00775 - 0.04080), b=3.03 (2.85 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .