Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Chiloglanidinae
Etymology: Chiloglanis: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Roberts.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Menchum River (Benue system, Niger basin)(Ref. 13094, 57223, 81251) and upper Cross River (Ref. 13331, 81251) in Cameroon. Report from Nigeria (Ref. 31256) questionable.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57223)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 31. Diagnosis: labial disk longer than broad, very large and rounded; mandibular barbels very small (Ref. 57223, 81251). No auxiliary mandibular barbels; premaxillary teeth large in 7-8 rows (Ref. 81251). Mandibular teeth usually in 2 rows, numbering 8+8 to 10+10 (in smallest specimens 6+6 to 7+7); adipose fin small/short, beginning slightly ahead of anal-fin origin; caudal peduncle slender, elongate; caudal fin (moderately) forked, lobes more or less equal in size; eyes very small; sexual dimorphism does not seem to exist, although mature individuals have never been examined (Ref. 57223, 81251).
Coloration: live specimens: uniformly dark, nearly black, except on abdomen/belly which is light; alternation of dark and pale areas typical of Chiloglanis species has not been observed in fresh specimens of this species, but becomes slightly apparent after preservation (Ref. 57223, 81251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .