Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Bathylagidae
Etymology: Pseudobathylagus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, bathys = the bottom of the sea + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); milleri: Named after Walter Miller, professor from Stanford University (Ref. 6885). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 772 - 6600 m (Ref. 28981). Deep-water
North Pacific: Iwate Prefecture, Japan to the Bering Sea (Ref. 559) and to British Columbia, Canada and California, USA (Ref. 4925).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339)
Occurs at a minimum depth of 550 m upon reaching about 5 cm length (Ref. 54657; 82347). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35604). Generally mesopelagic and bathypelagic and not ascending to epipelagic depth range (Ref. 96339).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.6 - 2.5, mean 1.8 (based on 1197 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00422 - 0.01428), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .