Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Anostomidae
Etymology: Pseudanos: Derived from Greek, pseudes = false (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)
South America: Brazil, Guyana, Peru (Ref. 36801), Ecuador (Ref. 91907) and Argentina (Ref. 9086). Recorded from Amazon River basin (Ref. 36801); Rio Guaporé in Brazil, Essequibo and Rupununi Rivers in Guyana (Ref. 91907).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111518)
soft rays: 11 - 12. Can be diagnosed by having the following characters: dark transversal bars on dorsum present; dark spots absent on the center of each body scale in some specimens; usually two, sometimes three or four midlateral dark blotches on body; angle of the dorsal and ventralmost radii of body scales between 110° and 180°; and cranial fontanel partially closed (Ref. 91907).
Adults are found in schools of 10-50 specimens in deeper water. They feed on plants (Ref. 13371). Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Garavello, J.C. and H.A. Britski, 2003. Anostomidae (Headstanders). p. 71-84. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00563 - 0.01619), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .