Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Idiacanthinae
Etymology: Idiacanthus: Greek, idia = own privative + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335). More on author: Peters.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 2000 m (Ref. 58302), usually 30 - 800 m (Ref. 51358). Deep-water; 40°N - 54°S, 85°W - 150°W
North Atlantic: north of 10°N. South Atlantic: southern tip of Africa. Also recorded from the Patagonian region of Argentina (Ref. 27363). Indo-Pacific: across the Indian Ocean north of about 23°S to west and central Pacific between 27°N and 23°S. South China Sea and water near Taiwan (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 25.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27363); 29.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Mesopelagic in depths exceeding 500 m (Ref. 7249) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Females undergo diel vertical migrations (Ref. 7249).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Krueger, W.H., 1990. Idiacanthidae. p. 341-342. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 7249)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.2 - 27.4, mean 16 (based on 3030 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00295 (0.00106 - 0.00822), b=3.09 (2.86 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.67 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .