Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 34291). Tropical
Africa: endemic to the Lake Victoria drainage (Ref. 52331). Present in Lake Victoria and its affluent rivers, Victoria Nile, Lake Kyoga (Ref. 1440, 4903, 34290) and in the Akagera system in Rwanda (Ref. 46152) and Burundi (Ref. 40373).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 15.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34290); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 34290)
Lateral line running along middle of the flank and the caudal peduncle. Flap of skin in front of upper lip. Jaws with horny cutting ridges. Barbels hidden. Olivaceous dorsally, light or creamy ventrally. Dorsal, anal and pelvic fins often orange-tipped (Ref. 34290).
Anadromous species; ascending both large rivers and streams during floods and spawning in floodwater pools or inundated grasses at margins of rivers (Ref. 105018). Upstream migration at beginning of rains (Ref. 36900) in fairly compact shoals (Ref. 52083). Permanent river populations exist (Ref. 52083). Lake Victoria: in shallow, inshore waters and influent rivers (Ref. 34291). Lake Kyoga: in open waters away from water-lily zone (Ref. 4903). Specialized feeder on epilithic and epiphytic algae (Ref. 12526). Also feeds on rotifers growing on the body of other fishes (Ref. 34291). Caught with weirs and in baskets (Ref. 4967). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00497 - 0.01923), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.22 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .