Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rüppell.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: ? - 7.0; dH range: 12 - 15. Tropical; 18°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: within the drainage basin of the Nile (Blue, White, Lake Edward) and may be confined to this system (Ref. 1440). It is likely that records from the Congo basin and southern Africa are based on misidentifications (Ref. 1440).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
Occurs mainly in rocky areas (Ref. 28714, 47905). Feeds on phytobenthos, debris and mud; juveniles may feed on zooplankton (Ref. 28714).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00304 - 0.01573), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.33 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 256 [90, 539] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.784 [0.448, 1.370] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.9 [14.9, 16.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.205 [0.090, 0.472] g/100g ; Selenium = 247 [100, 647] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.9 [5.8, 39.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.55 [0.94, 2.59] mg/100g (wet weight);