Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 107299). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Western Pacific: Japan (Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands), Taiwan, the Philippines and south to Australia and Norfolk Is.; east to Vanuatu, Fiji, Wallis and Futuna, Tonga and Samoa, including Palau, Guam and Marshall Islands in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: complete cephalic sensory-canal pore system (pattern 1); the fifth pelvic-fin ray 10-40% (usually 20%) of fourth ray; some pectoral-fin rays are branched; dorsal/anal-fin formula 9/8; presence of a prominent occipital spot; dorsal midline of body with a series of small dark spots along the dorsal-fin bases; dark bars present crossing the nape in advance of dorsal fin; caudal-peduncle depth 13.4-14.9% SL (Ref. 107299).
Inhabits tide pools of exposed seaward reefs (Ref. 37816), usually in high-tide splash zones and at shallow depths (Ref. 107299).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.3 (based on 1537 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00427 - 0.01860), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .