Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Symphysanodontidae
Etymology: Symphysanodon: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, physis = growth body form + Greek, odous = teeth; related to few teeth which are located over the area where the two jaws meet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 400 m (Ref. 54833), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Pacific Ocean: Indonesia (off Lombok and the Kai Islands) and the Philippines (off Luzon) to the Hawaiian Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9831)
Inhabits deep offshore trawling grounds (Ref. 54833). Probably feeds on zooplankton. Reported to be frequently consumed by the lutjanid Pristipomoides at Pathfinder Reef, Mariana Archipelago (Ref. 54833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, W.D. Jr., 1999. Symphysanodontidae. Bunquelovelies (also wampeejawed fishes, slopefishes, and shelf beauties). p. 2438-2441. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9831)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.8 - 26.4, mean 20.7 °C (based on 157 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5004 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .