Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Symphysanodontidae
Etymology: Symphysanodon: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, physis = growth body form + Greek, odous = teeth; related to few teeth which are located over the area where the two jaws meet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 131 - 705 m (Ref. 54833), usually 150 - 500 m (Ref. 54833). Tropical; 38°N - 37°S, 119°E - 72°W
Pacific Ocean: off Japan and Lombok, Indonesia to the Hawaiian Islands and Sala y Gómez Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9831); common length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9831)
This species is frequently consumed by the lutjanid Pristipomoides zonatus at Pathfinder Reef, Mariana Archipelago (Ref. 9831).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, W.D. Jr., 1999. Symphysanodontidae. Bunquelovelies (also wampeejawed fishes, slopefishes, and shelf beauties). p. 2438-2441. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9831)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7 - 19.9, mean 12.6 °C (based on 400 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5004 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00162 - 0.01071), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .