Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Pseudochondrostoma: Name refers to its morphological similarity with the genus Chondrostoma
as a consequence of homoplasy in multiple traits.. More on author: Steindachner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 41°N - 36°N, 10°W - 2°W
Europe: Tagus drainage in Spain and Portugal; Vouga, Modego, Algoa and Sado drainages in Portugal. Introduced in Jucar and Segura drainages in Spain. In Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from its congeners by having the following characters: lower jaw edge straight; 61-75 + 3-4 scales on lateral line; anal fin usually with 9½ branched rays; 22-31 gill rakers; usually 6-5 pharyngeal teeth; and caudal peduncle depth 1.8-2.2 times in its length (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits middle stretches of rivers in areas with current. Can survive in reservoirs. Occurs in groups, especially during pre-reproduction migration (Ref. 59043). Also found in lakes (Ref. 26100). Feeds on vegetal matter, small invertebrates and detritus (Ref. 59043). Spawning occurs in spring in shallow water, on gravel and sometimes on timber pilings in the river. Threatened due to the introduction of other species (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00412 - 0.01217), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.18; tm=2; tmax=7).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .