Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 26°N - 28°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA) and the Mexican Gulf coast to Florianopolis, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 72.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3713); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 26340)
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Occasionally in hypersaline lagoons (Ref. 5217). Found over shallow soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on fish and crustaceans. Its flesh is well appreciated (Ref. 27188).
Spawn in brackish waters in estuaries.
Fraser, T.H., 1978. Centropomidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1-2. pag.var. (Ref. 3713)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.9 - 28, mean 27.2 °C (based on 232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00657 - 0.00960), b=3.04 (2.99 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.74 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=900,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 71.9 [36.6, 140.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.41 [0.84, 2.48] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.5, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.801 [0.316, 2.017] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.8 [15.1, 81.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 24.4 [7.5, 78.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.757 [0.496, 1.201] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.