Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Seriola: Latin word diminutive with the meaning of a large earthenware pot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Mitchill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 3 - 360 m (Ref. 108952), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 46°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to Santos, Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea (Ref. 9626); absent from Bahamas and most islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); common length : 50.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 5.2 kg (Ref. 3277)
Adults are pelagic or epibenthic and confined to coastal waters over the continental shelf. They feed on fishes and shrimps.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.5 - 28, mean 25 °C (based on 524 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00618 - 0.03226), b=2.94 (2.74 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 66.2 [36.6, 131.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.21 [0.74, 2.10] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 22] % ; Omega3 = 0.428 [0.267, 0.693] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.9 [17.4, 71.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 94 [10, 479] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.619 [0.422, 0.914] mg/100g (wet weight);