Morphology Data of Trigonostigma truncata
Identification keys
Main Ref. Tan, H.H., 2020
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species differs from T. heteromorpha in the following characters: a gently sloping lateral head profile to pre-dorsal region (vs. steep convex); sub-superior mouth (vs. terminal); caudal apex of axine not reaching caudal-fin base (vs. reaching and extending to hypural plate); dorsal and ventral apices of axine originate posterior to both dorsal-fin and pelvic-fin origins by up to three scale-widths (vs. dorsal apex starting one scale-width posterior to dorsal-fin origin and ventral apex starting at pelvic-fin origin); faint or indistinct brown humeral streak just posterior to opercular opening (vs. a distinct black humeral streak); base of dorsal fin hyaline and its middle reddish-orange in life (vs. anterior two-thirds orange-red); a distinct orange-red colour on anal fin in life (vs. faint or absence); body in life with a bluish-lilac sheen (vs. reddish or purplish sheen); a shallower body (depth at dorsal-fin origin 28.3-34.6% SL [mean 32.4], vs. 32.6-38.2% [mean 35.8]) (Ref. 122370).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Trigonostigma truncata

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 26 - 30
Pored lateral line scales 6 - 8
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 10 - 10
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 7 - 7
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 6 - 6

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   10 - 10
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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