Morphology Data of Phoxinus karsticus
Identification keys
Main Ref.
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Phoxinus karsticus is distinguished from other congeners from Italy and Western Balkans by having high number of scales in longitudinal series 81-86, and number of circumpeduncular scales, 40-42, size of about 91 mm of TL. The holotype has a longitudinal band discolored or reduced. The holotype, and paratypes have patches of breast scales well developed and united in their third front. Dorsal fin has three simple rays and 7-8 branched rays; 8 branched rays only seldom were found in all others sample here analyzed; the pharyngeal teeth formula from left bone is 5.2 or 4.2. One additional non-unique character useful to distinguish the species is the anterior origin of anal fin placed in advance of vertical through posterior insertion of dorsal fin, reaching the level of the fifth or sixth branched rays of the dorsal fin (Ref. 105385).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Phoxinus karsticus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 23 - 63
Scales in lateral series 81 - 86
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 40 - 42
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 6 - 6


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 10 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Soft-rays   8 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17